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تاثیر کافیین بر چرخه قاعدگی

کافئین و گرفتگی قاعدگی

کافیین ، برای بسیاری از زنان چرخه قاعدگی شامل حداقل چند نشانه ناراحت کننده از جمله گرفتگی  قاعدگی است. بر اساس یک مقاله منتشر شده در شماره فوریه ۲۰۱۲ “پزشک  خانواده آمریکایی”، دیسمنوره یا قاعدگی دردناک به اندازه کافی شدید است تا دخالت در کار یا سایر فعالیت های روزمره خود را تا ۲۰ درصد از زنان انجام دهد. در حالی که برای گرفتگی ها محدودیت یا اجتناب از کافئین یک توصیه مشترک برای کمک به خنثی کردن این درد است شواهد شگفت آوری از این توصیه پشتیبانی می کند.

چرخه قاعدگی

خونریزی قاعدگی یک نشانه است که رحم رفع آن را پوشش می دهد، چیزی است که ماهانه برای بسیاری از زنان از سن باروری اتفاق می افتد. انقباضاتی که به این فرآیند کمک می کنند، مسئول  درد جسمی هستند. هورمونهای پروستاگلاندینها باعث انقباض و ناراحتی ناشی از آن می شوند. گاهی اوقات درد قاعدگی و گرفتگی های ناشی از شرایط دیگری مانند عفونت، کیست یا اندومتریوز – التهاب ررحم است. در حالی که مسکن های مقابله کننده می توانند در جلوگیری یا کنترل درد ناشی از گرفتگی عضلات قاعدگی موثر باشند، تأثیرات شیوه زندگی مانند مصرف کافئین یک موضوع دائمی تحقیق است.

کافئین و گرفتگی قاعدگی

کافئین مشکوک به مشارکت در درد قاعدگی و گرفتگی عضلات است زیرا می تواند به عنوان یک عروق تحرک پذیر عمل کند که جریان خون را به آرامی می تواند منجر به درد شود. اما این اثر موقت است و در مصرف کنندگان معمول کافئین رایج نیست. علاوه بر این، کافئین عمدتا به عنوان یک وازودیلاتور عمل می کند، به این معنی که جریان خون را بهبود می بخشد. در حالی که اجتناب از کافئین توصیه مشترک برای کاهش اختلالات قاعدگی است، تحقیقات کمی از این محدودیت حمایت می کند. یک مطالعه منتشر شده در شماره ژوئیه و اوت ۲۰۰۷ “مجله سلامت زنان” کافئین را به اضطراب قبل از قاعدگی و تغییرات خلقی مرتبط می کند، اما نه به گرفتگی قاعدگی. از طرفی، بعضی از داروهای بدون نسخه برای سندرم پیش از قاعدگی و تسکین قاعدگی چند علامت شامل کافئین برای افزایش کارکرد عنصر اولیه هستند.

کافئین و سایر علائم قاعدگی

قهوه، چای، شکلات و بعضی از نوشیدنی های انرژی زا  حاوی کافئین هستند و این ماده به مدت طولانی بعضی علائم قاعدگی را بدتر کرده است. به گفته یک بررسی در شماره ۲۰۱۶ میلادی “متخصص تغذیه امروز”، به طور خاص، کافئین به نظر می رسد علائم پیش از قاعدگی اضطراب، بی خوابی یا تحریک پذیری را بدتر کند. با این حال، مطالعه ای که در شماره ژوئیه ۲۰۱۶ “مجله آمریکایی تغذیه بالینی” منتشر شد، بررسی کافئین و مصرف قهوه را در بیش از ۳۶۰۰ زن بررسی کرد و هیچ ارتباطی بین این مواد غذایی و نشانه های درد سینه، تحریک پذیری و خستگی نداشت حتی در زنان که ۴ یا بیشتر فنجان قهوه روزانه مصرف می کند مشاهده نشد

احتیاط

در حالی که کافئین در بسیاری از زنان به کمر درد قاعدگی کمک نمی کند، برخی افراد به تاثیرات کافئین حساس هستند و ممکن است نیاز به نوشیدنی های کافئین داشته باشند. علاوه بر این، کافئین اضافی می تواند علائمی نظیر اختلالات خواب، سردرد، اضطراب و تپش قلب – ضربان قلب قوی یا سریع را ایجاد کند. اگر شما نیاز به مشاوره در مورد راههای جلوگیری یا کنترل گرفتگی عضلات قاعدگی دارید، به پزشک خود مراجعه نمایید. گرفتگی قاعدگی گاهی اوقات نشانه ای از یک مشکل جدی پزشکی است، همچنین اگر درد شدید باشد یا ناراحتی را به توانایی شما در مشارکت در فعالیت های روزمره تان منجر شود، پزشک خود را نیز ببینید.

خلاصه

تاثیر کافیین بر چرخه قاعدگی
مصرف کافیین سبب تشدید علایم سندروم پیش قاعدگی(pms) میشود باعث تشدید
کرامپ و تغییرات خلقی و سر درد و حساسیت های پستان نفخ و…
و افزایش فشار خون و ضربان قلب میشود در نتیجه با تاثیر بر کورتیرول منجر به اضطراب و سبب کاهش عملکرد سیستم ایمنی بدلیل کاهش اکسیژن به مغز میشود
و تاثیر بر نظم خواب میشود

👇👇
و سبب تنگی عروق خونی و کاهش جریان خون رحمی و کاهش خونریزی قاعدگی میشود
که در نهایت سبب بی نظمی چرخه قاعدگی میشود
آ.طبری

بازبینی شده توسط کی کی، MPH، RD

منابع و منابع

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ایا میوه به کاهش وزن کمک می کند؟    ترجمه و ویرایش: سرکار خانم ساناز دشتی …

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